Drug Addiction is one of the most misunderstood conditions in modern medicine
Addiction is a brain disease characterized by habitual engagement in certain rewarding stimuli even though adverse effects are also experienced. The reward pathway in the brain controls the transmission of dopamine, the neurotransmitter, from the synapse to various areas of the brain and is involved in the sense of reward as well as motivation. Dopamine is present in the human brain and when it is released in sufficient quantities, it creates an intense feeling of pleasure which is commonly referred to as a “high”. A drug user who becomes addicted engages in substance abuse to satisfy this sensation and may develop symptoms of withdrawal during the cessation of use.
Drug addiction is based on the brain’s wiring in which certain areas of the brain are oversensitive to the rewarding effects of substances like alcohol or opiate drugs. This means that these drugs actually “overstimulate” the brain’s reward pathway. Other risk factors for addiction include genetics and social environments that can promote vulnerability. Genetics refer to those factors which predispose individuals to addictive behavior; these may include low self-esteem or poor coping skills, which can enable an individual to experience peer pressure to the extent that they are unable to control their consumption.
common risk factors for substance abuse include use of other psychotropic
Other common risk factors for substance abuse include use of other psychotropic substances such as sedatives or painkillers to alleviate the discomfort of withdrawal from the substance of choice. Inadvertent use of recreational drugs can be a factor as well, such as with alcohol or tobacco. Other indicators of addiction include experiencing cravings for substances when not physically using them, experiencing changes in sleep pattern and/or sleeping excessively. If these signs are ignored and allowed to continue, it is likely that an individual will develop a substance dependency and suffer withdrawal symptoms when trying to stop the addiction.
The most effective way to overcome addiction and its associated complications is to intervene in order to provide support, rehabilitation and resources that are necessary to help a loved one recover. This is particularly important if there is a history of addiction in the family. The intervention of family members is important because it allows addicts to express their feelings openly and receive guidance and comfort from others who care. The intervention also provides support and helps to reduce the individual’s exposure to addictive behaviors. It is also a great way to strengthen the ties between family members and expose them to new and different types of people and experiences.
As many addicted individuals are aware of the serious health risks
It is also important to recognize that a person who has developed addiction issues is likely to continue with their problematic behaviors no matter what efforts are taken to remove their substance of choice. As many addicted individuals are aware of the serious health risks associated with continuing with their substance abuse behaviors, they will often refuse help if their condition is made known to them. Unfortunately, many people who suffer the devastating consequences of substance abuse are unaware that they may have developed some form of chronic diseases as a result of their drug addiction. A substance abuser needs to receive appropriate treatment from a medical professional in order to overcome addiction and chronic diseases.
Most substance addictions can lead to serious health problems if left untreated including heart rate disorders, seizures, tremors, anxiety, insomnia, depression, and other mental illnesses and diseases. The good news is that with the proper integrated treatment, a substance abuser can become free from their addictions and their negative behaviors without receiving any permanent or long term mental health consequences. With this type of treatment, people will be able to free themselves from the dangers of developing life-threatening diseases like heart disease and cancer.